Brain surgery is an umbrella term that encompasses different surgical operations used to treat problems in the brain and surrounding structures. The need for brain surgery can be due to birth defect, disease, injury (such as traumatic brain injury), or other complications. The brain is the most complex organ in the body. It controls all areas of functioning, including thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates our body. The Cleveland Clinic asserts that “brain surgery aims to treat problems without disrupting these important functions.” Immediately after brain surgery, an individual will be closely monitored by his or her health care team. Brain surgery is different for each person, and the recovery process from brain surgery will be different for everyone.
There are several suggestions that can help to enhance one’s treatment (e.g., engaging in regular exercise can stimulate circulation within the limbs and prevent the formation of blood clots, deep breathing exercises can help an individual avoid developing lung infections, etc.) as well as a variety of precautions with which to follow post brain surgery. While each person will have nuanced needs after brain surgery, there are several common and overarching precautions, some of which may include but are not limited to the following examples:
- Prioritize wound care.
- Gradually build endurance and exercise tolerance by increasing activity levels slowly.
- An individual is encouraged to take cues from his or her body and when feeling light-headed or tired after exercising, it is imperative to rest and decrease the amount of energy exerted.
- Avoid strenuous activities such as lifting or moving heavy weights or straining when passing stool.
- An individual should not drive or operate heavy machinery until cleared to do so by his or her treating physician.
- Always listen to your body, and do not attempt to push yourself beyond your limits.
The recommended precautions after brain surgery will be distinct for everyone, as factors such as the type of brain surgery, the occurrence of any complications during the procedure, as well as the area of the brain that was operated on will all contribute to what is best for the individual.
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